Bilingual Solar System and Earth Read-Aloud

Bilingual solar system and Earth in Spanish lessons comprise specific content vocabulary and science concepts. Explaining outer space to young bilingual learners may need additional activities to visualize ideas.

While learning about outer space might be challenging, create other fun ways to explore these concepts. Many of the activities you can use can be as simple as practicing bilingual vocabulary, making solar systems, or interacting with the Spanish language. 

Bilingual Solar System and Earth

Eight planets make up the solar system, including Earth. The Sun in the solar system is the bright star and center of the solar system.

These planets revolve or spin around the Sun. For example, Earth takes 365 days to go around the Sun.

That is, you experience seasons within that one year or 365 days. At the same time, Earth rotates on its axis.

The rotation of Earth occurs within 24 hours, which you experience daytime and nighttime. Remarkably, the other planets revolve around the Sun at different times.

They also rotate within their axis at various times. To incorporate a bilingual solar system and Earth concepts into your science lessons, you might want to add simple vocabulary and lots of hands-on activities. 

The Planets and Other Celestial Objects

The closest planet to the Sun is Mercury, followed by Venus, Earth, and Mars. These interior planets are rocky.

The Asteroid Belt separates the interior and exterior planets. Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune make up the outer planets.

These planets are bigger with a composition of gases. Earth is a unique planet with an atmosphere to sustain life.

All the other planets are extremely hot or cold with little atmosphere.

You might wonder about Pluto! Was Pluto once a planet?

Astronomers once considered Pluto part of the solar system and a planet. However, Pluto is in the Kuiper Belt and doesn’t have a clear path around the Sun.

As a result, scientists called Pluto a dwarf planet. 

Developing a bilingual solar system and Earth lesson can involve the many questions bilingual young learners ask. Show students the essential information to grasp the concepts without getting overwhelmed with details.

A way to engage bilingual learners with new information is to use interactive activities or games. Then, you can integrate other scientific concepts. 

Bilingual Solar System and Earth Vocabulary

While there are many outer space technical words, keep the list of words to essential ones. Keeping the list of must-know terms to a minimum can ensure your students don’t get overwhelmed and have fun learning. 

List of English-Spanish Planets and Outer Space Words:

  • Solar System = Sistema Solar
  • Sun = Sol
  • Mercury = Mercurio
  • Venus = Venus
  • Earth = Tierra
  • Mars = Marte
  • Jupiter = Júpiter 
  • Saturn = Saturno
  • Uranus = Urano
  • Neptune = Neptuno
  • Pluto = Plutón
  • Moon = Luna
  • Asteroid = Asteroide 
  • Comet = Cometa 
  • Meteors = Meteorito
  • Kuiper Belt = Kuiper Belt o Cinturón de Kuiper
  • Star = Estrella
  • Dwarf Planet = Planeta Enano 
  • Spaceship = Nave Espacial

Opening the Spanish lesson or bilingual learning activity with prior knowledge can boost students’ interest in learning about outer space. Perhaps, you can start with teacher-directed inquiries such as drawing stars, the Sun, the moon, and Earth.

Second, you can add more hands-on activities like creating a globe made of paper mache and identifying parts of the world. Then, use a solar system model or mobile to understand the position of the planets with respect to the Sun.

Third, you can introduce the bilingual solar system and Earth after learning about Earth Day. In this way, you can transition from a prior knowledge topic to a more in-depth lesson. 

Learning Spanish Syllables with the Solar System

Hands-on activities are ideal for encouraging bilingual students to understand abstract concepts that are not easy to visualize. However, you can add other interactive activities like Spanish syllables to encourage young bilingual learners about language.

  • For instance, you can use a simple rocket game to go back to Earth.
  • To do so, you need to match syllables in Spanish.
  • First, print out the Spanish syllable game.
  • Make a rocket by pasting a sticker or a rocket cut-out to a craft stick.
  • Then, ask students to use the rocket as a guide to go back to Earth.
  • Match the syllables until you find your way back to Earth.

The video also has other tips and ideas to explore Spanish syllable matching.  

In summary, a bilingual solar system and Earth lesson can include different activities. Most likely, you want to start with a fun activity.

Depending on your class, use interactive tasks that support bilingual learners in asking more questions about their learning. They participate in the lesson and learn while engaging in activities.

This approach can also help learn more in-depth concepts like the life cycle of a star, the composition of celestial objects, black holes, and so much more. 

Barbara Mascareno

Barbara is an educational writer, teacher, and instructional designer. She loves to write K-12 education content, teaching strategies, bilingual education approaches, and foreign language.

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