Spanish Sentence Structure: Prepositions

Spanish sentence structure in learning prepositions and classroom objects helps students learn the different ways to use Spanish prepositions. So far we learned how classroom objects are everywhere in our classrooms and homeschool class and how they can show us to learn about prepositions in Spanish.

In this lesson, you will learn how the Spanish sentence structure is important in learning Spanish prepositions. Also, you will learn how prepositions are used in different types of Spanish sentences.


To better grasp the concept of Spanish prepositions, it is a good idea to have the Classroom Object worksheet and the Matching game with you as you practice the following. You can find those in the Language section.

Activity 1:

In the first activity, you will match each letter of each picture with the appropriate prepositional phrase. Here, you can look back at the matching game to help you review the Spanish prepositions. Something to notice in this activity is that you’re only matching the Spanish prepositional phrases.

Remember that the Spanish version of prepositional phrases is green and the English version is blue. Then, you can circle the items in each box to help you review the classroom objects mentioned in previous lessons. Also, this will help to reassess the terms for classroom objects.

Related: Spanish Classroom Routines Mini Book

Activity 2:

spanish sentence structure preposition

In the second activity, you will learn to insert each Spanish preposition in each sentence structure. For instance, look at the classroom object – ruler. Based on the preposition phrase (between the pencils), you can fill in the blank with the preposition (between = entre).

As you can see, the Spanish sentence structure indicates:

1. La regla está entre los lapices.

Consequently, you will continue with the rest of the activity to practice how each Spanish preposition is used in each sentence structure. In each example, look at how the noun directs the preposition in each sentence.

Next, the following sentences show the object and prepositional phrase direct relationship.

2. El lápiz está sobre el escritorio.

3. La goma de borrar está adelante del papel.

4. La mochila está al lado del escritorio.

5. El cuaderno está abajo del escritorio.

spanish sentence structure prepositions

In these simple sentences, you can see the classroom object is used in each instance as part of the noun in the sentence structure followed by the preposition. The prepositional phrase helps to match the preposition with the object.


For visual learners, you can use this review activity to help them learn the terms of classroom objects. In that case for auditory learners, it is helpful to go over each sentence structure with different colors. So, ELA learners can benefit from the review and the difference between sentence structure in English and Spanish.

Barbara Mascareno

Barbara is an educational writer, teacher, and instructional designer. She loves to write K-12 education content, teaching strategies, bilingual education approaches, and foreign language.

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