Spanish Weather Terms for Bilingual Learners
Spanish weather terms are easy to understand for children since they experience it every day. Whether new season approaches or different weather patterns occur, children understand when the day is cold or hot.
For instance, for many children, the beginning of a school year means autumn or otoño. Then, during the winter or invierno break, depending on where they live, they might see snow or feel cold temperatures.
As the school year moves on, children encounter the warm days of spring or primavera. When the school year is over, children know summer or verano is close by, and summer break approaches. So, within a few months, students experience various Spanish weather terms.
Different Types of Spanish Weather Terms
Spanish weather terms are nouns that easily relate to how your students perceive their environments. Without a doubt, you often point out how the weather feels that day or week.
Perhaps, you have a weather chart or a calendar with weather stickers or clip art. With each day, you might have a student helper or volunteer to change the date and weather pattern.
Those teaching strategies are ideal for bilingual learners to acquire different types of Spanish weather terms. As mentioned before, the various times of the school year are the perfect opportunity to introduce seasons.
- Develop the concept of seasons into time, date, months, and weather.
- In this way, students have a comprehensive list of vocabulary and basic Spanish lessons.
- For instance, during the autumn or otoño season, leaves fall to the ground and days become shorter.
- However, you can explain that shorter days indicates less daylight.
- Take that teaching opportunity to teach differences between hot and cold.
- Next, as cold weather approaches, use that time to introduce environmental changes like snow, sleet, and rain.
When the weather warms up, that’s the perfect time to suggest differences between temperate weather. Then, by the time hot weather arrives, you can explain the extreme temperatures between summer and winter as well as longer days.
In this case, the longer days mean more daylight. After all, most kids are happy since it means more outdoor playtime.
Examples of Spanish Weather Terms
1). In autumn, the weather is breezy and cool. I need long sleeves and pants.
(En otoño, el tiempo es ventoso y fresco. You necesito mangas largas y pantalones)
2). When winter arrives, the weather is cold. I see the snow and the sky is cloudy.
(Cuando llega el invierno, el tiempo es frío. Yo veo nieve y el cielo está nublado.)
3). How is the weather in spring? The weather is warmer. I need short sleeves.
¿Cómo es el tiempo en la primavera? El tiempo es más cálido. Yo necesito mangas cortas.)
4). In summer, the weather is hot. The days are sunny and fiery hot.
(En verano, el tiempo es caluroso. Los días son soleados y ardientes.)
The following are common questions and answers when asking about the weather in Spanish:
1). What is the weather today? Today is cold. (or Today is hot.)
¿Cómo es el tiempo hoy? Hoy hace frío. (Hoy hace calor.)
2). How is the weather tomorrow? Tomorrow’s weather is cloudy and rainy.
¿Cómo es el tiempo mañana? El tiempo mañana será nublado y lluvioso.
3). What do I need to wear for tomorrow’s weather? You might need to wear a raincoat and carry an umbrella.
¿Qué tengo que ponerme para el tiempo mañana? Tú podrías ponerte un impermeable y lleva un paraguas.
4). What is the snow weather this week? The weather report says there will be snow this week.
¿Cómo es el tiempo de nieve esta semana? El reporte del tiempo dice que habrá nieve esta semana.
5). What does the weather forecast say for this weekend? The weather forecast predicts thunderstorms and rain this weekend.
¿Cúal es el pronóstico del tiempo para éste fin de semana? El pronóstico del tiempo predice tormentas y lluvia para éste fin de semana.
Differences Between Weather, Seasons, and Verb Usage
While describing weather is an easy way to grasp Spanish weather terms, the expressions of weather vocabulary and verb usage are the most challenging. First, you need to be aware of the time usage between the ‘to be’ verb in Spanish.
For example, when using the ‘hacer’ verb, you indicate that the weather represents a state of being. Similarly, the verb ‘esta’ refers to a condition happening right now. The following examples demonstrate the difference between the two verb usages.
- It is hot. (Hace calor.)
- During winter, it is cold. (En el invierno, hace frío.)
- It is summer in July. (Es verano en julio.)
Another significant difference between Spanish weather terms is the variance between weather and climate. In addition to teaching the different seasons, you might also want to explain discrepancies between climate.
While not all types of weather and climate show in every place, mentioning in Spanish is a valuable way to acquire new vocabulary. For instance, climate or clima is the environmental changes in temperature and season at a specific area.
On the other hand, the weather or tiempo is the average annual temperature of a city. That is one of the reasons you want to mention seasons or estaciones because they obviously change as the school year proceeds.
Also, teaching seasons is an opportunity to introduce changes in nature, animal behavior, and astronomical phenomena. Depending on the age group, introducing concepts like equinox and solstice are lovely ideas to learn the science behind space systems.